WordPress installation and setup

  • Dreamhost installation
    • Go to your DreamHost Web Panel
    • Choose Goodies > One-Click Installs
    • Choose WordPress
      • Install to: Choose domain, type in path to where you want the site to be
      • Automatically create database
      • Deluxe Install unchecked
      • Click Install it for me now
    • Wait for email, then follow instructions for setting up an admin user (don’t use admin as username)
    • Log in
  • Setup
    • Site settings
    • User settings
      • Set display name
      • Disable visual editor if you want to use HTML
    • Where content goes
      • Site title (Settings > General)
      • Pages and posts
      • Menus (Appearance > Menus)
      • Sidebars (Appearance > Widgets)

Typography

Assignment

For our next assignment, we will be recreating the exercise found here. The full text of Aesop’s Fables can be found here.

A rubric for this assignment will be available next week, but the basic requirements are:

  • The title and full text of three fables.
  • Each fable styled for desktop and mobile view.
  • A minimum of two fonts per fable.
  • A minimum of one image per fable.
  • Each fable’s design should be unique – no reusing fonts or images.

Good resources for images include Unsplash and Subtle Patterns.


Typography


Helpful CSS

Responsive Design

  • Responsive design
    • Examples
    • Getting started
      • New reset stylesheet (in Basecamp)
        • text-size-adjust
        • word-wrap
        • max-width for images
      • New HTML page template (in Basecamp)
      • Using HTML5 elements – ch. 17
        • Note that hgroup has been deprecated
      • Set html font size to 100% in style.css
  • Flexible layouts
    • Percentages
      • Use percentages for layout widths
      • How to do percentages inside of percentages
    • rem
      • Used instead of pixels for font-size, border, as well as margin and padding in some cases
      • Target ÷ context = result (24px ÷ 16px = 1.5rem)
        • Context is the font size of the html element (16px).
        • Put your math in a comment next to the result.
      • Continue using em for line-height
  • Borders in flexible layouts
    • CSS for divs with borders: box-sizing: border-box;
    • Counts padding and border as part of width
  • Media queries
    • Will mostly use ones based on width (max-width or min-width)
    • Other options available
    • General viewport widths
      • Newest iPhones – 375-414px
      • Older iPhones – 320px
      • iPads – 1024px by 768px
      • Other tablets – 1280px by 800px
      • Others
    • Web inspector’s responsive design mode
    • Using multiple media queries
      • Largest to smallest
      • Multiple values
  • Flexible images
    • max-width: 100%; will work most of the time
    • background-size: cover; (example) and background-size: contain; (example)

Example media query

@media screen and (max-width: 414px) {
        /* alternate CSS here */
}

Images

  • Images
    • Create a folder in your project for images
    • Image editing basics
      • Save the largest version of an image you can find
        • Header and content images should be at least as big as your container
        • Background images should be tiling or very large (1,600 pixels wide or larger)
      • Basic editing and exporting
      • Rename your images – lowercase, no spaces, etc.
      • Image formats
        • JPG – photographs
        • PNG – images with transparency
    • Background images
      • CSS – ch. 16
        • background-image
        • background-repeat
        • background-attachment
        • background-position
        • background shorthand property
      • Useful tiling backgrounds at Subtle Patterns
      • High resolution images at Unsplash
    • Header images in CSS
    • Images in content
      • Centering
      • Floating
        • float property with margin and padding as needed

Images with and without captions

To include an image in your HTML file, use the following code:

<img alt="Description of picture" src="image.jpg">

If you’d like your image to have a caption, use a figure element:

<figure>
    <img alt="Description of picture" src="image.jpg">
    <figcaption>Caption for picture</figcaption>
</figure>

You may wish to add a class to your figure element for easy styling:

<figure class="example">
    <img alt="Description of picture" src="image.jpg">
    <figcaption>Caption for picture</figcaption>
</figure>

You can then style your image and caption using .example, .example img, and .example figcaption in your stylesheet.

CSS Basics

View example in your browser or in Basecamp

  • CSS
    • Stylesheet and reset stylesheet
    • File structure – ch. 10
      • style.css
      • Link to in HTML – <link rel="stylesheet" href="style.css">
      • Import reset stylesheet – @import url("reset.css");
      • Rule structure – see bottom of post
    • Properties
  • Layout and the CSS box model – see bottom of post
    • divp. 187
    • Styling – ch. 13
      • width
      • padding
      • border
      • margin
      • Centering your div
        • margin: 0 auto;
  • Images
    • Resizing
    • Centering
      • display: block;
      • margin: 0 auto;
  • Miscellaneous
    • Links and :hover pseudo class
    • Styling lists – pp. 333-336
      • list-style-type
    • Styling horizontal rules
      • border
    • Viewing source code in a browser
    • Using Coda reference books (also, HTML and CSS versions on the web)

CSS rule structure

selector {
    property: value;
}

CSS box model

HTML Basics

View example in your browser or in Basecamp

  • HTML file structure – ch. 1
    • Creating your first page
      • Name it index.html
      • Previewing your page in a browser
    • Basic page structure
      • Tags, elements, and attributes
        • Elements made up of tag pairs and the content between them – <tag></tag>
        • Occasional single tags – <tag>
        • Attributes – <tag name="value">
      • <body>, <head>, <title>
      • DOCTYPEp. 181
      • Character encoding
  • Elements
    • Text – ch. 2
      • <p>
      • <h1><h6>
      • <strong>
      • <em>
      • <hr>
    • Lists – ch. 3
      • <ul><li>
      • <ol><li>
    • Links – ch. 4
      • <a href="http://...">
      • <a href="mailto:...">
    • Images
      • <img alt="Description of picture" src="image.jpg">