WordPress installation and setup

  • Dreamhost installation
    • Go to your DreamHost Web Panel
    • Choose Goodies > One-Click Installs
    • Choose WordPress
      • Install to: Choose domain, type in path to where you want the site to be
      • Automatically create database
      • Deluxe Install unchecked
      • Click Install it for me now
    • Wait for email, then follow instructions for setting up an admin user (don’t use admin as username)
    • Log in
  • Setup
    • Site settings
    • User settings
      • Set display name
      • Disable visual editor if you want to use HTML
    • Where content goes
      • Site title (Settings > General)
      • Pages and posts
      • Menus (Appearance > Menus)
      • Sidebars (Appearance > Widgets)

Typography

Assignment

For our next assignment, we will be recreating the exercise found here. The full text of Aesop’s Fables can be found here.

A rubric for this assignment will be available next week, but the basic requirements are:

  • The title and full text of three fables.
  • Each fable styled for desktop and mobile view.
  • A minimum of two fonts per fable.
  • A minimum of one image per fable.
  • Each fable’s design should be unique – no reusing fonts or images.

Good resources for images include Unsplash and Subtle Patterns.


Typography


Helpful CSS

Responsive Design

  • Responsive design
    • Examples
    • Getting started
      • New reset stylesheet (in Basecamp)
        • text-size-adjust
        • word-wrap
        • max-width for images
      • New HTML page template (in Basecamp)
      • Using HTML5 elements – ch. 17
        • Note that hgroup has been deprecated
      • Set html font size to 100% in style.css
  • Flexible layouts
    • Percentages
      • Use percentages for layout widths
      • How to do percentages inside of percentages
    • rem
      • Used instead of pixels for font-size, border, as well as margin and padding in some cases
      • Target ÷ context = result (24px ÷ 16px = 1.5rem)
        • Context is the font size of the html element (16px).
        • Put your math in a comment next to the result.
      • Continue using em for line-height
  • Borders in flexible layouts
    • CSS for divs with borders: box-sizing: border-box;
    • Counts padding and border as part of width
  • Media queries
    • Will mostly use ones based on width (max-width or min-width)
    • Other options available
    • General viewport widths
      • Newest iPhones – 375-414px
      • Older iPhones – 320px
      • iPads – 1024px by 768px
      • Other tablets – 1280px by 800px
      • Others
    • Web inspector’s responsive design mode
    • Using multiple media queries
      • Largest to smallest
      • Multiple values
  • Flexible images
    • max-width: 100%; will work most of the time
    • background-size: cover; (example) and background-size: contain; (example)

Example media query

@media screen and (max-width: 414px) {
        /* alternate CSS here */
}

Sass Basics

Installing

sudo gem install sass

Enter computer password


Running

pwd to show current folder

cd and path to your site to get to correct folder

sass --watch --style expanded sass/style.scss:style.css to run Sass


Features

Importing

@import "reset"; to import _reset.scss

Indenting &:hover, etc.

Variables

$variable: value;

Media queries

$viewport-ipad: 1024px;
$viewport-iphone: 414px;

@mixin responsive($viewport-width) {
    @if $viewport-width == ipad {
        @media screen and (max-width: $viewport-ipad) {
            @content;
        }
    }
    @else if $viewport-width == iphone {
        @media screen and (max-width: $viewport-iphone) {
            @content;
        }
    }
}

and

@include responsive(iphone) {
        ...
}

Images

  • Images
    • Create a folder in your project for images
    • Image editing basics
      • Save the largest version of an image you can find
        • Header and content images should be at least as big as your container
        • Background images should be tiling or very large (1,600 pixels wide or larger)
      • Basic editing and exporting
      • Rename your images – lowercase, no spaces, etc.
      • Image formats
        • JPG – photographs
        • PNG – images with transparency
    • Background images
      • CSS – ch. 16
        • background-image
        • background-repeat
        • background-attachment
        • background-position
        • background shorthand property
      • Useful tiling backgrounds at Subtle Patterns
      • High resolution images at Unsplash
    • Header images in CSS
    • Images in content
      • Centering
      • Floating
        • float property with margin and padding as needed